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What Is Solaris and Steps to Do Disk Formatting on Solaris

Don’t know what Solaris is? Don’t worry about that. I guess most people don’t know about it too. Before writing this article, I started to learn about Solaris. This article covers 3 parts, tells you what Solaris is, its history, and steps to do disk formatting on Solaris.

What is Solaris?

Solaris is a UNIX Operating System historically developed as proprietary software it is originally developed by the Sun Microsystems. Oracle Solaris, as it is now known has been owned by Oracle Corporation. One OS backed by the industry’s most comprehensive and cost-effective support built from a single source base and features the same interfaces on any supported platform This means that applications developed for SPARC systems can be easily recompiled for X86 systems and vice versa, Solaris can span the Web tier, the data warehouse, and the most demanding technical compute applications.

  • Stability: because it has undergone a lot of version upgrades, it is now stable.
  • Solaris has exercised and fixed almost any code path that might break. It can be monitored and controlled from a remote console Scalable: if you move to a larger processor, your application will run faster. Unlike other Operating Systems that had compatibility issues on processor changing because of thread counter.
  • Networking: Solaris is mainly build for network computing, and it is mainly use as a Web server. Solaris is one of the most successful Web Server System in history.
  • Security: it has lot of security features because it is mainly used in business-critical environment. Specific features include Solaris Containers technology for application isolation, Solaris Rights Management and an encryption infrastructure that makes it easy for applications to take advantage of high-grade cryptographic algorithm.

Is Solaris free for Personal Use?

Solaris is free, the entitlement to run it comes either with a Sun system or for 3rd party systems the entitlement comes with a support contract.

History of Solaris

Solaris is a UNIX System.

Before discussing the History of Solaris OS you need to read a brief history of UNIX Operating System

What is UNIX?

UNIX, it is not one Operating System but, many implementations of an idea, the UNIX is created in the year 1965. It is not developed by a single company with a large marketing organization, like (“Microsoft Windows”). The UNIX is created by a group of mathematicians and computer scientists employed by the research center, Bell Laboratories.

Bill Joys Discovers UNIX

In 1975 two graduate students, Bill Joy and Chuck Haley got involved with version 6 of UNIX and later played an important role in the development of UNIX system on Berkeley; Joy put together a distribution of UNIX called the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).

In the year 1979 the version 7 was the last clean version of UNIX.

In the early 1980s Joy Left Berkeley with a master’s degree in electrical engineering, and became cofounder of Sun Microsystems based on BSD. And it is called SunOS

1993 was the year that the Sun announced that SunOS, release 4.1.4, would be the last release of an Operating System based on BSD

1995 Sun introduces Java, the first universal platform. In the past few years before java the only programming language that is known on all UNIX kernel and also windows was C.

After a year Solaris, Sun’s SRV4 implementation was created. It is also referred to as SunOS 5.x.

2001 and beyond, many hardware vendors have buried the hatchet and, for the sake of users, are moving their implementations of UNIX to SRV4-compliant. SVR4 will clearly be the dominant flavour of UNIX across most major platforms. Solaris is the most popular UNIX.

The latest version of Solaris as of now is the Solaris11

How to install Solaris

This Guide provides instructions for installing Oracle Solaris 11 operating system with step by step screenshots.


*1. The first step is to boot Oracle Solaris from a live media, before installing Oracle Solaris, determine whether your system’s devices are supported look for the Hardware Compatibility at http://www.oracle.com/webfolder/technetwork/hcl/index.html


After checking the Hardware Compatibility you should create a live media. There are a lot of tools on the internet that lets you create a live media from an ISO file. A great example is the Rufus v1.4 (Figure 1.1) lets you create a bootable USB. You could also burn the Solaris Live Media on a DVD.


Figure 1.1(Rufus USB live media maker)

solaris format disk


*2.After creating the live media you can now install your System. Press “ESC” key to boot from live media after booting choose a keyboard layout, there are 47 keyboard layouts available, to select a Keyboard Layout type the number of your choice.

Do the same thing to choose the Language you would like to use.

format disk solaris 10


*3.The Installation menu will now appear then choose “Install Oracle Solaris” by entering the number ‘1’.

format disk zfs solaris 10


*4.After a few seconds there will be a Menu that let’ s you choose where you would like to install the Solaris. Choose a Disk Partition.

format disk solaris 9


*5.Then enter the name for your computer, and at the same time configure your network either automatically or manually you could also choose “none” if you don’t have internet connection.

Base on my experience it is better that you configure your network to receive the latest update for your Operating System

format disk solaris 9


*6.Select the Country of your choice.

format disk solaris 8


*7.For the final Step you should configure your User Account Settings.

format disk zfs solaris 10


And finally you completed your Solaris Installation

format disk solaris 10

solaris format disk

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